We have read about the body language on the first page and you are wondering now (How can I use body language to communicate or reprimand my horse) Well it is simple as one two three. I have taken and broke down some of the body language that horses use every day and form that we can take some of their body language and the tone of our voice to use it to help us communicate to them. Your saying "how" well this is how it works. If we under stand the alpha mare in a herd and how she getsher point across to a horse that has stepped out of line it will help us the same way to tell our horse that in this herd of two it is you that is the herd mare and not him/her. Why iuse the mare in this instance is the herd mare rules the the others her way is law and if you step out of line you will get chased out of the herd until you can come back in and be good. Just like correcting a child that if that child talks back you send him/her to their room until he can come in and not talk back , same goes for a horse that has stepped out of line. I'm going to use some examples as how if you are out in the pasture and your horse comes up with his ears penned at you with a cocky attitude, You are going to go in to the alpha mare mode using body language and voice to get through to your horse that that behavior is not permitted around people . Ok you go out to catch your horse and he comes to your withhis nose pinched and ears penned and just before he gets to you he dose a buck immediately i want you to yell in a deep voice NO and in a aggressive way you are going to stomp yourfoot and start toward him and at the same time swing your lead rope above your head when he stops or moves off from you stomp after him swinging your lead rope (ALWAYS STAY A SAFE DISTANCE FORM THE HORSE SO IF HE BACK TALKS AND KICKS OUT HE WILL NOT GET YOU) until you have moved him away from you and he is say 30 feet away form you and he stops and turns around to you and doesn't move. Call him to come to you now he will take tentative steps toward you this is his way of saying I'm sorry is it ok to come back to you keep talking to him telling him/her is good boy/girl and proceed to put on the halter. Now say we are brushing them and they won't stand still are always moving like they have ants in their pants. You can use the foot stomping here also and as you do it say stand. I have had problems with a horse moving in to me while i try to brush them and one stomp of the foot usually has them standing still with out giving a verbal command of stand still . Repeat it if you have to. If they stop and stand go about brushing them like nothing happened. Now when we are leading and our horse tries to pass us don't let him get in front of you watch and when he makes the move to speed up just take the lead rope and twirl it in front of him and say back off he won't go through the twirling lead rope. When he slows down to where you want him to be stop twirling the rope. The same applies for a horse that walks to close as we are leading them. I always wondered why I had a elbow well I know now why I have been leading horses and they start to walk on my foot so i take and jab my elbow in to their chest or shoulder just like another horse would do with his mouth if another horse got to close and the other horse wanted to move the one over he would bump him with his/her nose and they would not be gentle about it. Now my horse runs in to me when i stop. Ok what we are going to do here is when we stop and our horse keeps coming we are going to pick up our leg and push out back wards with it just like a horse warning another horse they are to close. If you make contact with your horse you did not hurt him the horse was to close to you in the first place. You can do this out in the pasture if a horse comes up behind you and he is in your space give him the warning keeping your back to him, he will know what it means right away . If you watch horses and one dose something the other horse will some times take and bump the other horse with his teeth and the other one will move away or stop what they were doing this applies with us also we can use this to stop a horse in its tracks so to speak . Say you are standing at your horses flank and he raises his foot for a cow kick he will warn you first the leg will come up slow at first and when it dose make a fist and stick your knuckles out and give a punch in the hip your horse will drop his leg in a heart beat. This is not abuse this is communicating with your horse in the horses own language that he understands and uses every day of his life with other horses . I trust my horse Poco but I'm always on alert because he is a horse and not a human and he sometimes for gets I'm not another horse We are so attuned to each other that yes i have to watch because he has excepted me in to his world and beings he is a horse he for gets some time that I am not. So always keep on your toes and never let your guard down because that is when accidents happen even a well trained horse they are still a horse.